Taking a closer look at King David and King Saul of the Bible…
Why is King David known as being a man after God’s own heart? Why did God reject King Saul as king? Like us, they were both great sinners and made big mistakes. So what was the difference between them? And what can we learn from them? Let’s take a look…
Bible Memory Verse: 1 Samuel 15:22 To obey God is better than giving Him a present!
(a wonderful paraphrase from a 13-year-old)
You can read all about the real life adventures of King David and King Saul starting with the Bible books of 1 Samuel and into 2 Samuel, and there’s more in 1 Chronicles, as well as read David’s beautiful poetry from the Psalms. It’s a gateway into the presence of God.
WARRIOR OR WIMP ~ KING DAVID / KING SAUL ~ INFORMATION ~ FREE PRINTABLE (A4)
Warrior or Wimp – FREE article for kids (Paper Gifts for Estefany) about King David and King Saul. King Saul was ambitious and jealous, and wanted the approval of man rather than God. If you print the article on A4 photo paper, it will bring out the vibrancy of the colours, and you may also like to laminate it to keep it looking nice for your own children, homeschool students, or Sunday school students. Scroll down to the end of this page to read the article text.
Why did God reject King Saul? (David Guzik/blueletterBible) There was a message from God to the prophet Samuel, the spiritual leader of Israel, to give to King Saul, the political and military leader of Israel. It was a command. The message was clear. Saul disobeyed.
King David (Chuck Missler) …an overcomer is simply one who recognizes his moment-by-moment choices, confesses his sin and then chooses to turn around and go God’s way. He is not someone who is perfect, religious or good. David in the Old Testament, if you recall, was an overcomer. In the New Testament, he was even called a “man after God’s own heart.” He certainly wasn’t perfect or good or religious! He simply knew how to confess his own sin and turn around from following it. This is the kind of overcomer we are talking about and that God desires.
Messiah – The Scarlet Thread throughout History (Chuck Missler) It’s a detective thriller and the ultimate drama of all time. God promised the Messiah back in Genesis 3. “It began with a declaration of war…. God Himself declared war on the ruler of this world: satan. A cosmic conflict in which you and I are the prizes… Where would this mysterious deliverer come from? The clues kept on coming… He would be a descendant of Adam. Thus, Satan’s subsequent stratagem was an attempt to contaminate the human gene pool… But that plan was a total washout. Only nine were saved from the judgement of the Flood… When God revealed that His plan would focus on a descendant of Abraham, satan had 400 years to lay down a mine field… Then we discovered that He would be a descendant of David. Ominously, a chain of attacks ensued to wipe out His family. Again and again there were attempts to eliminate His heirs – but there was always an intervention that foiled the diabolical plots…”
The Two Books of Samuel (Chuck Missler) This first book of Samuel can be outlined as the story of two men, though the Biblical focus soon shifts from the flawed Saul to his more godly successor, David… In 2 Samuel we enjoy the career of the greatest king whose perpetual dynasty is climaxed in none other than the Messiah Himself! Understanding God’s commitment to David is fundamental to understanding the New Testament and virtually all eschatological issues. Furthermore, David is, in many ways, a personal example to us all. He alone was called “a man after God’s own heart.” (Why?) David’s accomplishments as Israel’s ruler are unmatched. David’s rule was strong and aggressive and his accomplishments were unparalleled. Other men of history have demonstrated military and administrative capacity, but David overshadows them all by the breadth and depth of his ability. To cap it all, David is one of the great men of faith. His personal qualities and faith provide examples for believers of every age. But perhaps even more important, he is an anticipatory type of Jesus, who will rule as God’s coming King.
The Throne of David (Chuck Missler) The Throne of David is one of the most controversial aspects of the Christmas season, and remains a source of confusion among many Christians. God’s covenant regarding David was one of the unconditional covenants. Its implications remain as one of the most misunderstood (and challenging) aspects of the Biblical record…. The ultimate destiny of Jesus to rule on the Throne of David was confirmed by the Angel Gabriel in his famed announcement to Mary. However, David’s throne didn’t exist in Jesus’ day…
Archeologist remains from time of David and Solomon (khouse) A variety of important artifacts have been discovered that give credence to the Bible’s descriptions of the kingdoms of David and Solomon… Archaeologist Yosef Garfinkel has collected a variety of items he believes prove the validity of the biblical accounts of David and Solomon. “These guys said, ‘We didn’t have any archaeological memories, so David and Solomon are mythological figures,’” Garfinkel said. Yet the “archeological memories” are all over the place.
Archeological Inscription from King David’s time deciphered (khouse) Academics are prone to say David was the Jewish equivalent of King Arthur, the stuff of myths and legends. Once again, archeology is proving these doubts wrong.
David, history’s most legendary king validated by archeology (watchjerusalem) Surely this ancient stone tablet wasn’t saying what it was saying. Such was the reaction of some to the Tel Dan Stele, discovered in 1993. It was a dark, medium-sized, broken victory stone that had been found in secondary use as part of an ancient wall in the northern city of Tel Dan. Its original use had been as a ninth-century B.C. celebratory inscription belonging to Syria’s King Hazael, a glorification of his triumphs over Israel’s King Jehoram and Judah’s King Ahaziah… While later Biblical kings had clearly been evidenced by archaeology, nothing had, as yet, confirmed King David’s existence… Yet this inscription clearly identified not just a man, but an established royal lineage—known as the house of David—a phrase used 26 times throughout the Bible and finally discovered on a nearly 2,900-year-old stone inscription, unearthed under careful scientific excavation. The discovery rocked the archaeological world.
House of David – archaeology (watchjerusalem; scroll down to ‘House of David’) Three things historians said didn’t exist—until they did. This find provided the first extra-biblical historical reference to King David. King David is prolifically described in the Bible, yet up until around 20 years ago there was no extra-biblical evidence of his existence… But in 1993, a large stone, or stele, was discovered during excavations in the ancient northern Israeli city of Tel Dan. The victory stone, written in Aramaic, dated to the ninth century B.C.—at least 100 years after David would have reigned. It is believed to have belonged to Hazael, king of Syria, and was found in “secondary use”—broken apart and used for brickwork in an ancient building. The Tel Dan Stele reads, in part, as follows: And I killed two [power]ful kin[gs], who harnessed two thou[sand cha]riots and two thousand horsemen. [I killed Jo]ram son of [Ahab] king of Israel, and I killed [Achaz]yahu son of [Joram kin]g of the House of David...
House of David – archeology (imj.org) This unique Aramaic inscription, part of a monumental stone slab commemorating the military victories of Hazael, king of Aram, contains the earliest reference to the Davidic dynasty outside the Bible.
King David’s Palace is Discovered – archeology (watchjerusalem) the “city of David” was only about 12 acres in size. Yet this tiny speck of land was the setting for some of history’s most epic events and personalities… archaeologists have wondered how there was room enough for a royal palace… In 1996, when Eilat Mazar began thinking about and researching this question, she… researched the Bible’s answer to these questions. “Pore over [the Bible] again and again, for it contains within it descriptions of genuine historical reality,” her grandfather had taught her. So this is what Mazar did… “Laid before our very eyes was a structure massive in proportions and innovative in complexity. It bears witness to the impressive architectural skill and considerable investment of its builders…”
Davidic Dynasty – archeology (jpost) They did not expect to find anything this special when they began digging. A “once in a lifetime” find is how the City of David described three immaculately preserved 2,700-year-old decorated column heads, or capitals, from the First Temple period… the capitals may be some of the greatest treasures connecting the site to the stories of the Davidic kingdom in the Bible.
Good Start, Bad End (karinasussanto) Everything that had started well ended very badly. Good start, bad end! Every action is always having consequence. Like that businessman, Saul also got consequence. Because of his disobedience, Saul’s kingdom will not continue and God has sought and appointed someone else to be a king. Because of his impatience and disbelief to God Saul should accept a bitter and tragic reality. His shining early career wrecked in an instant… My dear friends, this evening allow me to use the story of Saul and the businessman as an example and reminder for all of us… When we’re in difficult situation, in the depressed state, or surround by hard problems, we’ve to believe wholeheartedly that God has power beyond anything. If God seems silent and do nothing, let’s be patience. Actually God is always able to free us from our hard time but not according our time but in His perfect time… Are we still able to hold our faith strong even in the most critical conditions? This evening, allow me to encourage all of us to learn from Saul’s fault… sometime God want to test us to know how strong our faith quality, how obedient we are to do God’s command, and how much we patient await for the fulfillment of God’s promises.
King David’s Tomb take a two-minute holiday to Israel and show your child the tomb of King David. The Bible tells us both the good and the bad, painting its heroes with all of their flaws. Let them know that the Bible is the history book of the universe, that records REAL history about REAL people.
KING DAVID / KING SAUL ~ COLOURING PAGES ~ FREE PRINTABLE
- The People Demand a King
Moses left instructions for the Future King – colouring (doodlethroughtheBible) Moses knew the time would come that the people would reject God as their King, and demand a human king so they could be like other nations, and he left instructions for those future kings, recorded in Deuteronomy 17:19 – he was to read God’s Word every day, ‘it shall be with him and he shall read it all the days of his life’, and this is another area where King Saul failed; free printable
The People demand a King – colouring (auntiesbiblelessons) Rejecting God as their King, Saul was chosen to be king but was later rejected when sin and pride started to reign in his heart. David was then anointed by Samuel to be the next king, and it would be David’s dynasty that would eventually produce the Messiah; free printable
The Israelites want a King – puzzle / colouring pages (freesundayschoolcurriculum; scroll down to number 89) free printable
- King Saul
Samuel anoints Saul as King – colouring (bible-printables) free printable
325 puzzle / colouring Bible activity sheets for kids (calvarycurriculumoriginal; scroll down to numbers 75 to 82) each worksheet is about 6 pages and has one colouring page and several puzzle pages, including word searches, fill-in blanks, crosswords, true or false, circle correct words, mazes; also available in Spanish (scroll down to numbers 75-82); free printable
King Saul – colouring pages (truewaykids; scroll down) free printable
King Saul – puzzle / colouring pages (freesundayschoolcurriculum; scroll down to number 90-96) Samuel anoints Saul; Saul is made King; Saul rescues his people; King Saul offers a sacrifice; Saul’s son Jonathan attacks the Philistines; Saul disobeys God; free printable
Samuel visits King Saul – colouring (Biblepathwayadventures) after he disobeys God; free printable
Saul is rejected as king – colouring (supercoloring) free printable
- King David
David is crowned King – colouring (supercoloring); King David – colouring pages King David brings the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem; King David dancing before the Ark of the Covenant; King David playing the harp; David helps Mephibosheth; King David and Bathsheba; King David and the prophet Nathan; the death of Absolom; free printable
325 Puzzle / Colouring Bible activity sheets for kids (calvarycurriculumoriginal; scroll down to numbers 78 to 87) each worksheet is about 6 pages and has one colouring page and several puzzle pages, including word searches, fill-in blanks, crosswords, true or false, circle correct words, mazes; also available in Spanish (scroll down to numbers 78-87); free printable
The Ark is brought home – puzzle / colouring pages (freesundayschoolcurriculum; scroll down to number 106) free printable
King David celebrates – colouring (Biblepathwayadventures) with Bible verse from Psalm 119:105 – Your Torah is a lamp to my feet and a light for my path; free printable
King David is confronted about his sin – colouring (funnycoloring) the prophet Nathan confronts King David after he thinks his sin has been concealed; free printable
King David to Jesus – colouring (1arthouse) Son of David; Son of Abraham; a family tree diagram showing the link from King David to the Lord Jesus Christ, through Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Judah to King David to Jesus; free printable
Jesus is King – colouring pages (ministry-to-children) a reminder of who is David’s true king (ours, too!); free printable
Armour of God – colouring (practicalpages; scroll down) our kids will love these gorgeous colouring pages of a boy and girl knight; and a gentle reminder that we all need God’s help to do it right, just as David did; free printable
KING DAVID / KING SAUL ~ PUZZLES ~ FREE PRINTABLE
325 Puzzle / Colouring Bible activity sheets for kids (calvarycurriculumoriginal; scroll down to numbers 75 to 87) each worksheet is about 6 pages and has one colouring page and several puzzle pages, including word searches, fill-in blanks, crosswords, true or false, circle correct words, mazes; also available in Spanish (scroll down to numbers 75-87); free printable
King Saul – worksheets (truewaykids; scroll down) free printable
Samuel anoints Saul as king – puzzle (Biblepathwayadventures) fill in the blank; King Saul – crossword 10 clues; King Saul – word search 18 words; King Saul – quiz 12 questions; King David – crossword 10 clues; David – quiz 6 questions; free printable
King David rescues the Ark of the Covenant – crossword (Biblepuzzles) fit 40 words (up to 12 letters long) into the grid; David and the Ark – word search; David & Jonathan – word search 40 words; free printable
King Saul | King David – puzzle / activity worksheets (freesundayschoolcurriculum; scroll down to numbers 89-106); The Israelites want a king; Samuel anoints Saul; Saul is made King; Saul rescues his people; King Saul offers a sacrifice; Jonathan attacks the Philistines; Saul disobeys God; Saul & David become enemies; Jonathan helps David; Jonathan warns David; David flees for his life; Saul orders the priests’ death; David spares Saul’s life; The Ark is brought home; free printable
Kings of Israel and Judah – word search (livingwaterbiblegames) free printable
King David – crossword (ochristian; press CTRL+P to print)
Saul Becomes King – word search (Biblepuzzles) 46 words; members only
Psalm 34:12 – word search (max7) Turn from evil and do good; free printable
Shout for Joy – dot to dot (max7) Scripture picture puzzle from Psalm 100:1; children in a marching band; a great puzzle for ‘The Ark is brought to Jerusalem’ theme; free printable
Psalm 35:9 – word find (answersingenesis; scroll down to ‘click here for word find’) Find the words in the Bible verse: And my soul shall be joyful in the LORD; it shall rejoice in His salvation; alternative link; free printable
Psalms – puzzles (Biblewise) maze, break the code, acrostic, hidden picture puzzle, worksheets, create a ‘first aid kit’ of Psalms for when you’re hurting, write your own Psalm, cut out the pictures and put them in the right place on the worksheet; Psalms – maze find your way through the jumble of musical instruments; free printable
Psalms – word searches (creationmoments; scroll down or do a CTRL+F page search for ‘Psalm’) various to choose from; free printable
KING DAVID / KING SAUL ~ CRAFTS AND ACTIVITIES FOR KIDS ~ FREE PRINTABLE
The Israelites want a King – crafts and activities (freesundayschoolcurriculum; scroll down to number 89); King Saul | King David – crafts and activities (scroll down to numbers 89-106) The Israelites want a king; Samuel anoints Saul; Saul is made King; Saul rescues his people; King Saul offers a sacrifice; Jonathan attacks the Philistines; Saul disobeys God; Samuel anoints David; David plays for King Saul; Saul & David become enemies; Jonathan helps David; Jonathan warns David; David flees for his life; Saul orders the priests’ death; David spares Saul’s life; The Ark is brought home; free printable
King Saul | King David – crafts and activities (Biblefunforkids) lots of fun ideas and activites to explore for kids; free printable
King David – craft (auntiesBiblelessons) cut, colour and paste activity; free printable
God is our Mighty Fortress – activity for kids (kidssundayschool) in this activity about Psalm 91, children will create a fortress to learn about God’s protection, and that human fortresses can fail, but God’s ability to protect us from evil is perfect. We simply need to draw near to Him to experience His protection; God is a Mighty Fortress – lesson ideas to learn about Psalm 91; God is our Refuge – lesson ideas to learn about Psalm 91; free printable
Dancing People – finger puppets (kirstymcallister) to make and decorate; perfect to go with a ‘King David dances and celebrates as the Ark is brought to Jerusalem’ theme; free printable
King David | King Saul – Bible people printable (activity-mom) Your child will love these cool Bible figures to play with; free printable
Create in me a Clean Heart – craft (creativesundayschoolcrafts) DIY mini heart-shaped soaps to make with grey and blue folding labels with Bible verse from Psalm 51:10; 4 per page; free printable
Bible Kings – bingo (livingwaterbiblegames) a fun way to get to get familiar with the names of the Bible kings. This Bingo game features the names of all the kings of Israel and Judah; free printable
King David – activity worksheet (Bibletoday4kids; click on ‘topic 5’ – then ‘lesson 6’) memory verse, colouring, puzzles, dot to dot, fill in the blanks, craft activity, writing activity giving an overview of David’s life with emphasis on the fact that God chose him when he was just a boy because he had a heart toward God. God is much more interested in what sort of person we are rather than what we look like; free printable
Here’s an idea inspired and adapted by hunting for treasure (kidsprayer). Write a Bible verse on one side of a piece of paper and a matching prayer on the other. Do a few different ones. Pop the papers inside an envelope with some stickers. e.g. Psalm 56:3 for your Bible verse and a prayer on the back that David may have prayed, something like: Lord help me to always put my trust in You and not to be afraid.
Your Word is a Lamp – art activity (daniellesplace) make a bulletin board display about Psalm 119:105; template for purchase
KING DAVID / KING SAUL ~ PAPER GIFTS FOR KIDS ~ FREE PRINTABLE
Warrior / Wimp – Bible verse card1 (Paper Gifts for Estefany) The line between good and evil goes right through the centre of every human heart. Scary thought. The choice is ours. God’s way? Choose good? Or choose evil? This is the dilemma that both King David and King Saul faced. One chose God’s way; the other did it his way. And to do it God’s way, we also need God’s help. With Bible verses from Joshua 24:15 and Luke 10:27 – Choose today whom you will serve… as for me and my house, we will serve the Lord; Love God with everything you got; Love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your strength and with all your mind. Print on 4×6 photo paper and laminate for best results; free printable
Warrior / Wimp – Bible verse card2 (Paper Gifts for Estefany) with Bible verse from Luke 10:27 – Love God with everything you got; Love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your strength and with all your mind. Print on 4×6 photo paper and laminate for best results; free printable
Moses left Instructions for the King – poster for kids (doodlethroughtheBible) Moses knew the time would come that the people would reject God as their King, and demand a human king so they could be like other nations, and he left instructions for those future kings, recorded in Deuteronomy 17:19 – he was to read God’s Word every day, ‘it shall be with him and he shall read it all the days of his life’, and this is another area where King Saul failed; cartoon style for younger children; free printable
Kings of Judah and Israel – poster (visualunit) free printable
Pray like a Champion today – poster (fcaresources) or 10 of these will shrink down and fit nicely into an A4 portrait page if you would like to make your own Bible wallet cards; one for your child to keep and the others to share with family and friends; free printable
Psalm 23 ~ FREE Paper Gifts (Paper Gifts for Estefany) Bible poster, bookmark, wallet cards, to do list and more; free printable
Psalm 23 ~ FREE Paper Gifts (Paper Gifts for Estefany) Bible poster, bookmark, wallet cards, note cards and stationery for younger children in blue or apricot; free printable
Psalms (joyfultoons; scroll down to ‘Psalm’ and LEFT click on ‘KJV’ or ‘NIV’ next to each verse) Bible cartoons with Bible verses from the Psalms; see my separate post for more information; free printable
Warrior / Wimp – Bible wallet cards (Paper Gifts for Estefany) There are 9 cards per sheet featuring Bible verse from Luke 10:27 – Love God with everything you got. Love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your strength and with all your mind. Print on A4 photo paper, cut and laminate for best results; free printable
Saul | David – Bible trading cards (sundayschoolsources; scroll down to number 140-145) free printable
The Handsome Foolish King | David the King – cartoon booklet (Bibleforchildren; numbers 18-21) David and Saul cartoon booklets in colour or to colour; 24 page story booklet or 2 page tract in bright primary colours; click on ‘other languages’ to find them in Spanish, French, Portuguese, Hindi, Kinyarwanda, Swahili, Amharic, Taglog and more; free printable
nextmanga A comic book Bible series in a trendy manga format that keeps children/teens (and adults!) riveted. The story of the universe in manga form. Book 2 (Melech) picks up after the escape from Egypt to the crowning of King David, the greatest king on Earth (so far). Buy and send a few pages at a time. It’s also an excellent gift idea if you are planning a sponsor visit. My kids loved these.
WARRIOR/WIMP ~ STATIONERY FOR KIDS ~ FREE PRINTABLE (A4)
Warrior / Wimp – FREE stationery for kids (Paper Gifts for Estefany) featuring Bible verse from Luke 10:27; free printable
Psalm 23 ~ FREE stationery (Paper Gifts for Estefany) stationery, note cards, envelope, mini envelopes featuring a sweet lamb standing on green grass; free printable
Psalm 23 ~ FREE stationery for kids (Paper Gifts for Estefany) stationery and note cards for younger children in blue and apricot colours; free printable
- Looked impressive – he was tall, physically strong and handsome.
- King Saul made a series of very serious mistakes and then tried to cover it up. He was a very great sinner.
- King Saul was very concerned with image, his reputation and keeping everything looking good.
- When confronted with his sin, Saul constantly tried to squirm out of it and blame other people. Saul was not sorry he had sinned and disobeyed God. He was only sorry he had been found out.
- The most important person in King Saul’s life was King Saul.
- King Saul looked good on the outside, but turned out to be a wimp on the inside. His character was weak and shallow. He was easily influenced and was more interested in pleasing other people, rather than God. Saul only pretended to love God.
- God was sorry that He had made Saul king and gave the kingdom to David. Saul became jealous; angry; suspicious; vengeful; and obsessed with killing David. Finally, when things didn’t turn out, he turned to the occult, rather than to God. Then he was killed in battle.
- In trying to protect and promote himself, Saul lost everything. He had the potential to be a great king, but when God gave him success, he became proud and important in his own eyes.
His tragic story is what happens to us if we refuse to come to God with a repentant heart.
As a footnote to Saul’s story, one of the things God told him to do, was to destroy the evil King Agag. Saul did not obey. King Agag went on to have a descendant called Haman.
- Was overlooked by his family as being unimportant.
- King David made a series of very serious mistakes and then tried to cover it up. This included adultery and murder. He was a very great sinner.
- King David was very concerned with image, his reputation and keeping everything looking good.
- When confronted with his sin, David ‘fessed up. He was repentant. That takes great courage. He knew he had hurt God and messed up really bad. He wrote Psalm 51 as his cry to God for forgiveness.
- The most important person in King David’s life was God.
- King David turned out to be a great king and a very brave warrior. He was a natural leader and brilliant in battle. He was obedient; humble; faithful; committed; brave; respectful; forgiving; not vengeful, but merciful. He protected his family and was honourable toward his enemies. He showed respect to the authority figures that God had put in his life, even when they were not fair.
- Most importantly, he was devoted to God. He loved and worshipped God. He was a man after God’s own heart.
Some years later, a guy called Shimei cursed King David and threw rocks at him (2 Samuel 16). Shimei was related to King Saul and hated King David. The security guards with the King suggested Shimei be put to death. He was a big security risk. King David had a good reason to kill him, but showed mercy to Shimei and let him live. Shimei went on to have a descendant called Mordecai. Many generations later, in the book of Esther, the evil Haman tried to wipe out God’s people. Mordecai was the hero of that story. If King Saul had obeyed God when he was supposed to, there would have been no Haman. But here is where it gets really interesting. If King David had not shown mercy and compassion to Shimei, there would have been no Mordecai—no hero!
So what are some of the lessons we can learn from King David and King Saul?
- When (not if!) we mess up, we need to be quick to ‘fess up. Confess our sin, and repent before God.
- Respect others, even when they don’t deserve it. Be quick to show mercy, grace and forgiveness. Be slow to react in revenge. Our choices today *will* affect our tomorrow.
- Love and obey God 100%. Ask God for a courageous heart that desires to please Him and obey Him above all else. That’s how we can…
BE A WARRIOR, NOT A WIMP!
NOTE: Even though this David / Saul article was originally designed for my older boys, I also wished to send it to my girls, so asked the Lord to show me how it could be done. I chose girly items to send with the article (e.g. flower colouring pages), and writing along these lines in their letter: share this challenge with the boys in your life and tell them what you will be looking for when you come to choose a husband! :)
David & Goliath | Shepherd Boy | Anointed to be King (Paper Gifts for Estefany) FREE colouring pages, puzzles, crafts, and more for King David BEFORE he became king – when he was a shepherd boy, anointed as king of Israel, was a professional royal musician to King Saul, and took on Goliath… the incredible challenge that everybody else was afraid of… and won.
Psalm 23 FREE colouring pages, puzzles, crafts and creative ideas for kids
Armour of God FREE colouring pages, puzzles, crafts and creative ideas for kids
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